Police Vehicle Stop and Search Protocol in Ghana

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Did you know that in Ghana, the police have the authority to search vehicles at checkpoints as part of their duties to maintain public safety and enforce the law? There are specific protocols that must be followed during these searches, as outlined by the Ghana Police Service (GPS) and the laws of the country, including the Criminal and Other Offences Act, 1960 (Act 29) and the Constitution of the Republic of Ghana, 1992 (Article 14). These protocols include:

  • Obtaining consent from the driver or owner of the vehicle (unless exigent circumstances require immediate action)
  • Displaying identification and explaining the reasons for the search
  • Conducting the search in a respectful and minimally intrusive manner, avoiding damage to the vehicle or its contents unless necessary
  • Seizing any illegal or prohibited items discovered during the search and providing a receipt for any items taken
  • Respecting the rights of the driver or owner, including the right to remain silent and the right to legal counsel

It is important to note that the police must have reasonable grounds for suspicion and must follow proper procedures. If you feel that your rights have been violated during a vehicle search, you can file a complaint with the GPS or seek legal assistance.

Contact our team of localisation specialists in Ghana for assistance with any issues related to vehicle searches or for any other localisation needs.

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